Mathea Gulliksdatter Loe


Mathea's Baptism Record (1831)
Mathea Gulliksdatter Loe was born on 21 Mar 1831 in Skoger, Vestfold, Norway to carpenter Gullik Petersen Loe and his wife Maren Christensdatter Wear. She was baptized on 09 Apr 1831, also in Skoger. (Skoger was along the border of Vestfold and Buskerud. It became a part of Buskerud county in 1964 when it was incorporated into Drammen).6

For the first two years of her life Mathea lived with her parents on the Loe farm in what is now the town of Konnerud (frequently noted as being under Eikholt farm*). Family lore says following a gambling incident (discussed more in Gullik's biography), Gullik lost the family farm and had to move. In November 1833, Mathea's father Gullik purchased Sondre Myhre Farm with help from his mother-in-law and relocated the family to Svelvik.

On 19 Nov 1857 Christoffer Christensen Orhuus married Mathea Gulliksdatter Loe at the Stromm Church in Svelvik, Vestfold, Norway. After marriage they lived on the Myhre farm.7

In 1859, Christopher had saved together enough money so he could buy Olaus Hellum’s house in Svelvik for $200 dollars. It was a small, yellow-painted one-story house with a kitchen, chimney, and a living room on one side and a long, narrow, yet small room on the other.8


Marriage of Mathea and Christoffer (1857)
In 1865, the family consisted of Christopher, Mathea, 3 sons, and a lodger, who possibly sailed with Christoffer. They were living at farm 19a in Svelvik. Christoffer was working as a sailor and son Carl recalls “he was almost always at sea, often on long trips for 2 to 3 years. My father was an ordinary sailor (seaman, boatswain, and to some extent a sailmaker)... ".9

Christoffer Christensen died on 25 Oct 1878 at the age of 50. While working aboard the ship “Chatham” headed by ship captain Knudsen, Christoffer contracted yellow fever and never recovered. A telegram of Christopher's death was sent from Brest, France to the family parish priest. He was buried on 26 Oct 1878, the funeral was carried out by his Chatham shipmates on the Atlantic where his body was buried at sea.10


Death & Burial of Mathea (1905)
In 1887, the great fire of Svelvik blazed through the southern part of the small coastal town. 52 houses were destroyed and more than 80 families lost their houses. One of the houses that burned to the ground was the house that Mathea and family had been living in for the last 18+ years.

It was around this time that Mathea adopted the Christoffersen last name that her family was using in a transition away from the old world patronymic surname system at the request of the Norwegian government.

Later in her life, Mathea had her own bakery business and enjoyed baking a unique type of sourdough bread from her house 19a on Storgaten where she was living with son Gustav Nikolai (now Christoffersen).11 Her son Carl said that the bread was very well received and enjoyed by the residents of Svelvik.

Mathea died of stomach cancer on 06 Apr 1905 at the age of 74 in Svelvik, Vestfold, Norway. She was buried five days later on 11 Apr 1905.12

Attached Images: 

FATHER:

Gullik Petersen Loe, 26 Jan 1794 - 29 Feb 1856

MOTHER:

Maren Christensdatter Wear, 26 Oct 1800 - 17 Dec 1869

SPOUSE:

Christoffer Christensen Orhus, 19 May 1828 - 25 Oct 1878

CHILDREN:

  1. Gustava Josephine Christoffersdatter, 11 Aug 1858 – 11 Dec 1860
  2. Cornelius Christoffersen, 16 Sep 1860 – 28 Sep 1927
  3. John Emmanuel Christoffersen, 04 May 1863 – 15 May 1928
  4. Ingvald Rudd Christoffersen, 22 Dec 1894 – 30 Apr 1926
  5. Carl Marinius Christoffersen, 07 Oct 1865 – Jun 1949
  6. Gustav Nikolai Christoffersen, 30 Aug 1870 – 05 Apr 1942

Footnotes: 

A Christen Jensen is listed as owning the "Qvisle" farm in Sande on the 1838 Land Register. Now known by Kvisle.

* This is not entirely accurate as the Loe property was originally part of properties owned by Mathea's grandfather called Veierud & Knatholt. The Loe property was gifted to her father Gullik by his father. While Eikholt surrounded the family property, Gullik did not lease the Loe property from Eikholt as is usually the case with having a farm noted as being under another.

B THE GREAT FIRE OF SVELVIK IN 1887 (as documented by the Svelviksposten Newspaper in Svelvik, Norway)

Fire Disaster in 1887 - Most wooden towns of Norway and beyond have been haunted by major fires throughout the ages, leaving large parts of the said towns in ashes, and Svelvik was no exception. On the night between 25th and 26th June 1887, after a prolonged drought, a storm raged from the north in the evening on June 25 when a fire broke out in cadastral #49. Verkseier Antzèe was one of the first scene of the fire, but even after strenuously effort with the help of others, he was unable to extinguish the fire. Stretched out fire sails and fire equipment were deployed, but the strong wind spread the fire to both sides of the street pretty fast. A call for help was sent to both Drammen and Holmsbu, but this did not succeed. With insufficient help and means for the few fighters present to extinguish the fire, the damage became catastrophic. On the next morning of the 26th of June, bare pipes towered from the 52 burnt houses, while Antzèes and Brinch shipyards also went up in flames. The fire department had few firefighters available to man the hoses, because the fire raged during peak shipping season and all the sailor boys were at sea, also part of fire equipment was in sub-par condition.

B In Norway, women adopting their husband's surname wasn't a common practice until the late 1800's. and a law wasn't enacted until 1923 requiring that all families have a single, heritable surname. Mathea was only listed as Christensen on a the 1865 census and the Kristoffersen after her husband died (per 1885 census and her church burial record).

Locations / Farms

Sources:

1 Norway Parish Registers, Baptism Records about Christopher Christensen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1264&idx_id=1264&uid=ny&idx_side=-76); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Sande, Parish register (official) nr. 3 (1814-1847), Birth and baptism records 1828, page 136-137; Entry No.: 27.

2 Norway Parish Registers, Death & Burial Records about Christen Johnsen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1264&idx_id=1264&uid=ny&idx_side=-128); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Sande, Parish register (official) nr. 3 (1814-1847), Death and burial records 1833-1834, page 226-227; Entry No.: 15.

3 Norway Parish Registers, Marriage Records about Dorthe Olsdatter Orhus; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1264&idx_id=1264&uid=ny&idx_side=-193); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Sande, Parish register (official) nr. 3 (1814-1847), Marriage records 1836, page 424-425; Entry No.: 3.

4 Norway 1838 Land Registers, Christen Jensen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://arkivverket.no/URN:db_read/db/35479/14); Visited:30 Mar 2014 ; Matrikkelen 1838; Jarlsberg og Laurviks (Vestfold) county, Sande tinglag (med Strømm); page 14, entry no 136, farm no. 280b & 281.

5 Norway Parish Registers, Death & Burial Records about Dorthe Olsdatter; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1265&idx_id=1265&uid=ny&idx_side=-298); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Sande, Parish register (official) nr. 4 (1847-1864), Death and burial records women 1851-1852, page 297; Entry No.: 23.

6 Norway Parish Registers, Baptism Records about Mathea Gulliksdatter; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=8123&idx_id=8123&uid=ny&idx_side=-44); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Buskerud county, Skoger in Skoger, Parish register (official) nr. 2 /1 (1814-1842), Birth and baptism records 1831, page 87; Entry No.: 11.

7 Norway Parish Registers, Marriage Records about Christopher Christensen & Mathea Gulliksdatter; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1095&idx_id=1095&uid=ny&idx_side=-276); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Buskerud county, Hurum, Parish register (official) nr. 11 (1847-1860), Marriage records 1857, page 289; Entry No.: 35.

8 Norway Real Estate Registers about House 19a; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:tl_read?idx_id=15016&uid=ny&idx_side=-123); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Svelvik. Aut. 11.04.1858. S. 3: innholdsfortegnelse. S.5: redgjørelse. S. 7: reg. til register for Svelviks grunde. S.9: alfabetisk register over eiere. S. 47: reister over husene i Svelvik etter matr.nr, pg.: 212-213; cite note on.: Enke. Mathea Christiansen, p 213.

9 1865 Norway Census about Christoffer Christensen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives (Digitalarkivet); Oslo, Norway; (http://digitalarkivet.no/cgi-win/WebCens.exe?slag=visbase&sidenr=41&filnamn=f60701&gardpostnr=27&personpostnr=164&merk=164#ovre); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik, Census of Svelvik, Entry No.: 162-167; Family No.: 27.

10 Norway Parish Registers, Death & Burial Records about Christoffer Christensen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=3542&idx_id=3542&uid=ny&idx_side=-180); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik in Strømm, Parish register (official) nr. II 1 (1878-1899), Death and burial records 1878, page 224; Entry No.: 8.

11 1900 Norway Census about Mathea Kristoffersen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives (Digitalarkivet); Oslo, Norway; (http://digitalarkivet.no/cgi-win/WebCens.exe?slag=visbase&sidenr=2&filnamn=f00701&gardpostnr=28&personpostnr=103&merk=103#ovre); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik, Census of Svelviken, Entry No.: 103-104; Family No.: 28.

12 Norway Parish Registers, Death & Burial Records about Mathea Christoffersen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1328&idx_id=1328&uid=ny&idx_side=-179); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik in Strømm, Parish register (official) nr. II 2 (1900-1919), Death and burial records 1905, page 435-436; Entry No.: 4.