Christoffer Christoffersen


Christoffer's Baptism Record (1889)
Christoffer Christoffersen was born on 21 Nov 1889 to Cornelius Christoffersen and Birthe Marie Andreasen in Svelvik, Vestfold, Norway. He was baptized a month later on 22 Dec 1889 in Svelvik Church. His Godparents were widow Mathea Kristensen (Loe) [Grandmother], Julie Andreasen [Aunt], Annette Andreasen [Aunt], Barnet Fuder, and sailor Johan Albert Olsen.1

Christopher is believed to have been born in farmhouse 20 on street Tømmeraas Gate (which has since been renamed Brinchs gate) in Svelvik. Even though no residence was documented at the time of Christopher's baptism, this was the family home at the time of his brother Oscar's baptism the following year.2


Christoffer at 1 year (1890)
The family moved around a few times but never more than a few houses away from their grandmother. They spent a couple years at farmhouse 20, across from Christoffer's grandmother Mathea, but most of Christoffer's childhood was spent at farmhouse 23 with his parents, brothers Oscar & Rudd, and sisters Marie & Cora.3

By 31 May 1903, when youngest sister Astrid was baptized, the family had moved again and were now living in house No. 21, across the street from their previous home (23).

Christoffer was confirmed on 02 Oct 1904 in Svelvik, Vestfold,4 and took to the sea immediately after where he learned to sail like his father and worked his way up to the rank of first mate.


Christoffersen Arrival Manifest (1907)
Christoffer and his family departed from Christiania, Norway (now Oslo) on 08 Feb 1907 aboard the S.S. Hellig Olav under the name Christoffer Christoffersen, bound for America. He arrived at Ellis Island, New York 12 days later on 20 Feb 1907. From there, the family went to stay with Christoffer’s Uncle Martin Christiansen at 225 Superior in Cleveland, OH.5

By 27 Dec 1909 Christoffer, now 20, started the naturalization process in the Federal District Court in Cleveland and listed his address at 2064 West 55th Street, Cleveland, Ohio. It took Christoffer almost 4 and a half years to become officially naturalized. The official date was on 08 Apr 1914 in Cleveland where he was listed as living at 2275 E 74th Street. At the time of naturalization, Christoffer petitioned and officially changed his name to Christopher Lowe.6

The Lowe family name came from an Americanized version of Christopher’s Grandmother Mathea Gulliksdatter Loe’s farm name [pronounced "Loo"]. A “farm name” is part of a naming pattern associated with Norwegian families in the old days to ascertain where they came from and identify them from someone else with the same name.7 This farm name usually came from the actual farm you were born and raised on, but sometimes related instead to the land you currently owned. (It's more common, but not always the case, to see a woman's farm name as her place of birth and a man's farm name as their current residence.)

Whether using the Lowe name was Christopher’s idea or not is unclear. What I do know is while Christopher is the first to use the name here in America, his younger brother Oscar also was listed under the name Oscar Lowe-Christoffersen8 and his younger sister Anna Marie joined her brothers and took the Lowe name as well.9


Declaration of Intention (1909)
The naturalization paperwork provides us a bit of a description of Christopher. He is listed as having white skin with “ruddy” complexion, standing 5'9" tall, weighting 160 lbs, with blonde hair and blue eyes. He speaks English and can read & write. He was employed as a first mate on steamship 25 for Hutchinson & Company, the operating end of the Pioneer Steamship Company.6

We're not certain how Christopher and Thora met but, by 1917, Thora had moved and was living at 6609 Linwood Avenue which was only about a mile north on 71st street from Christopher's family at 2275 East 74th Street.C

Christopher Lowe married Thora Marie Haugen on 02 Jan 1918 in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. They were married by Rev. Oscar A. Strom, who performed many of the Andreasen/Anderson family weddings in Cleveland.10


Thora & Christopher's Wedding (1918)
After Christopher and Thora’s marriage, they moved into a rental property at 1915 West 73rd Street.11 In 1921 they moved to 4214 Trowbridge Ave.12 and in 1922 they moved the family again where they were found at 2045 Spring Road, all in Cleveland.13 About 1924 Christopher was able to finally purchase a house at 3343 Lincoln Avenue in Parma where he would raise his family.

Christopher became ill while working as a First Mate for the steamer William C. Atwater, and about May of 1928, it was determined through clinical findings that Christopher had carcinoma of the lung, better known as lung cancer. Things went from bad to worse about March the next year when the doctors had more troubling news: it was determined that Christopher's lung cancer was metastatic, meaning it wasn't the originating form of cancer, just a secondary location it had spread to. They had now discovered that Christopher had carcinoma of the Nasopharynx.


Funeral Notice in Cleveland Plain Dealer (1929)
The Nasopharynx is the area located behind your nose & above the back of your throat. This type of throat cancer is extremely rare in the US today and still hard to diagnose, meaning it was very advanced by the time they were able to diagnose it in 1928. Cancer had no treatments or cures in the 1920s as radiation and chemotherapy treatments had not been invented yet. All Christopher could do was return home and continue living his life.

Christopher officially fell ill 6 months later on the 5 Sep 1929 when he was admitted to the U.S. Marine Hospital in Cleveland. Over the next month, the doctors managed his pain and kept him as comfortable as they could. At 2:40 PM on Wednesday, 2 Oct 1929 at the age of 39, Christopher passed away at the marine hospital.14

Christopher was buried three days later on 05 Oct 1929 at West Park Cemetery on 3942 Ridge Road in Cleveland in Section 21, Lot 219 near his father and brothers.15

Attached Images: 

FATHER:

Cornelius Christoffersen, 16 Sep 1860 - 28 Sep 1927

MOTHER:

Birthe Marie Andreasen, 01 Nov 1858 - 17 Sep 1933

SPOUSE:

Thora Marie Haugen, 21 Dec 1897 - 11 Oct 1992

CHILDREN:

  1. Robert Kenneth Lowe, 07 Sep 1918 - 26 Feb 1999
  2. Virginia Marie Lowe, 05 Jun 1921 - 14 Sep 2005

Footnotes: 

A Norway Parish Registers for Svelvik at the time of Cornelius' baptism were not located under their current county of Vestfold. At the time, Svelvik's Stromm church was a part of the Hurum parish in Buskerud County.

B In 1912, when Cornelius starts the application process to become a naturalized citizen of the United States he lists his residence as 7812 Euclid Avenue. I have no other documentation to back up that they ever lived in the church while Cornelius was a sexton, but since it's mentioned, I felt I should list it just the same. My belief is it's more likely that with the frequency of his family relocating almost on a yearly basis, Cornelius chose to write his job and place of worship as his residence, since they would always be able to find him throught the church no matter where he was during the application process.

C While we don't have a record of the congregation prior to Christopher & Thora's marriage to be certain, we do know they attended Our Savior's Lutheran Church of Rocky River, which was predominantly a Scandinavian and Danish Church. Every first Sunday of the month was a full Scandinavian service with the rest of the month in English. All of the Norwegian cousins attended services at this church and it wouldn't be out of the question for Christopher and Thora to meet here either (given she was a Norwegian immigrant as well).

Unanswered Questions: 

What role did Christoffer have in the use of the family name Loe? Was this his idea or another family member's?
Did Christoffer's father approve of Christoffer's name change (or possibly even suggest it)?

Locations / Farms

Sources:

1 Norway Parish Registers, Baptism Records about Kristoffer Kristoffersen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=3542&idx_id=3542&uid=ny&idx_side=-54); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik in Strømm, Parish register (official) nr. II 1 (1878-1899), Birth and baptism records 1889, page 51.

2 Svelvik Real Estate Register about House 11a; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives (Digitalarkivet); Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:tl_read?idx_id=15016&uid=ny&idx_side=-103); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Protocol number: VI 4, Place: Nordre Jarlsberg sorenskriveri, Strømm, Svelvik tinglag, Location: SAKO; Pages: 173-174.

3 1900 Norway Census about Kristoffer Kristoffersen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives (Digitalarkivet); Oslo, Norway; (http://digitalarkivet.no/cgi-win/WebCens.exe?slag=visbase&sidenr=20&filnamn=f00701&gardpostnr=16&personpostnr=57&merk=57#ovre); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik, Census of Tømmeraas Gade, Entry No.: 57-63; Family No.: 16.

4 Norway Parish Registers, Confirmation Records about Kristoffer Kristoffersen; The National Archives of Norway: The Digital Archives; Oslo, Norway; (http://www.arkivverket.no/URN:kb_read?idx_kildeid=1328&idx_id=1328&uid=ny&idx_side=-111); Visited:13 Jan 2014 ; Vestfold county, Svelvik in Strømm, Parish register (official) nr. II 2 (1900-1919), Confirmation records 1904, page 267-268; Entry: 2.

5 New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 about Christoffer Christoffersen; Year: 1907; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: T715; Microfilm Roll: 831; Line: 20; Page Number: 117.

6 U.S. Naturalization Records, 1906-1995 about Christopher Lowe; National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Great Lakes Region; Chicago, IL; Naturalization Petitions for the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio, Eastern Division, Cleveland, 1906-1967; Christopher Lowe; Issue: 8 Apr 1914; Born: 21 Nov 1889.

7 Christopher Christensen and Mathea Gulliksdatter; from the book "Forfedrene Og Vi" by Sigfred L. Eier; 46 Pages; Published in Svelvik, Norway; 1942; Pg. 14.

8 Ohio Certificate of Death for Oscar Lowe Christopherson; "Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X8XV-XTY : accessed 14 Jan 2014), Oscar Lowe Christopherson, 23 Sep 1914; citing Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, reference fn 49365; FHL microfilm 1983281.

9 Ohio Marriage Record for Anna Marie Lowe; "Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XDGW-Q5Z : accessed 14 Jan 2014), Carl J. Oxford and Anna Marie Lowe, 27 Dec 1916; citing Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States, reference i419 p335 cn114337; FHL microfilm 1888791.

10 Ohio Marriage Record for Thora M. Haugen; "Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1994," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/XDGC-ZYH : accessed 14 Jan 2014), Christopher Lowe and Thora M. Haugen, 02 Jan 1918; citing Cuyahoga, Ohio, United States, reference 124786; FHL microfilm 1888793.

11 1920 United States Federal Census about Christ Lowe; Year: 1920; Census Place: Cleveland Ward 3, Cuyahoga, Ohio; Roll: T625_1360; Page: 6A; Enumeration District: 36; Image: 899.

12 Cleveland City Directory 1921-1922 about Christopher Lowe; Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio; Cleveland Public Library, History Department. Cuyahoga County, Ohio; Identifier: F499.C6 A17X 1921; Published: Cleveland Directory Co., 1921; Printed volume, 3304 pages; Page: 1811.

13 Cleveland City Directory 1922-1923 about Christopher Lowe; Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio; Cleveland Public Library, History Department. Cuyahoga County, Ohio; Identifier: F499.C6 A17X 1922; Published: Cleveland Directory Co., 1922; Printed volume.

14 Ohio Death Record for Christopher Lowe; "Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1953," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/X6Z1-KGN : accessed 14 Jan 2014), Christopher Lowe, 02 Oct 1929; citing Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, reference fn 62825; FHL microfilm 1992017.

15 West Park Cemetery Burial Record for Christopher Lowe; "Ohio, Cleveland Cemetery Interment Records, 1824-2001," index and images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K6WC-4X3 : accessed 24 Sep 2013), Christopher Lowe, 1929.