John grew up in Wayne Township, Ohio. He was the eldest son and had 4 brothers (James, William, David & Martin) & 5 sisters (Sarah, Mary, Margaret, Anna & Emma). He lived next door to his grandparents Lawrence & Fanny Winkler’s house, Uncle Enoch Winkler & his wife Rachel’s house, grandparents Christian & Sarah Alleman’s house, and Uncle George Winkler’s house.2
On 22 Aug 1862, at the age of 21, John Wesley enlisted in Wooster as a Private to serve in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry for the Union Army during the Civil War and on 15 Oct 1862 in Mansfield, Richland, Ohio, John was assigned to Company D of the 120th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.3, A JWW was with the 120th for the length of the regiment’s service, during which two officers & 17 men were killed in action and 6 officers & 275 men died of disease while serving under the 120th OVI.4
On 27 Nov 1864, after mustering out of the 120th, John was transferred to Company E 114th Ohio Volunteer Infantry.5 Here in the 114th regiment, the last years’ of his service were devoted to various expeditions, guard duty, etc.
Civil War Discharge PapersThe most action John saw while in the 114th was in the Siege of Spanish Fort at Spanish Fort, Baldwin, Alabama, 2nd-9th Apr 1865. Siege of Spanish Fort, Alabama and assault and capture of Fort Blakely were seen as the last great charge of the Civil War. After the siege JWW was sent to Mobile & Selma, AL.6
On 24 Jul 1865, it was noted that JWW was transferred to Company C 48th Ohio Veterans Volunteer Infantry but for some unknown reason, after mustering out of the 114th, he wound up on roster in Company E of the 48th instead.7 JWW's time in 48th OVI was on Garrison Duty in Post War Houston and Galveston, Texas.8
On 14 Oct 1865, John mustered out of the 48th Ohio Veterans Volunteer Infantry after completing 3 years 2 months and 7 days of service and returned home to Wayne County, Ohio.9
John Wesley Winkler married Catharine Ann Warner on 06 Jan 1870 in Wayne County, Ohio10, 11 (John's father and Catharine's father owned land adjacent to one another making John and Catharine neighbors growing up.)12, B
After marriage, John and new wife Catharine make their home at Overton in Chester Township, next to Overton church, where John worked as a farmer. John & Catharine immediately became “parents” as John’s 10 year old sister Emma Alice Winkler moved in with the couple. Their neighbors include his brother David Todd Winkler & wife Rosanna, Catharine’s parents Thomas & Christina Warner, and brother Simon Peter Warner & wife Ida living four houses over.13
Marriage in Wooster Republican (1870)
Death Notice (1913)They started their own family officially in 1871 when son Thomas was born. Daughter Effie & son William would follow soon after and son Charles would round out the family in 1889.14
John would eventually receive a soldier’s pension for his service in the Civil War where he contracted debilitating stomach and intestinal problems he would have to deal with in waves for the rest of his life. Later, on 22 Nov 1899, it was increased to $10 per month.15, D
After father-in-law Thomas Warner passed away in 1879, JWW acquired the land, eventually sold off his existing land and moved onto the Warner property in Chester, just south-west of the Overton Church where he would retire and let son Charles take over the farming.16
After John's father Jacob passed away in 1890, John's brother Martin took over the property on Winkler Rd. and brother William would own the rest property which bordered Overton Church to the east.
John died on 18 Mar 1913 in Chester, Wayne, Ohio of “Paralysis of the Heart”.17 He was buried on 21 Mar 1913 at the Overton Church of God Cemetery in Chester Township, at Lot 2, Block 2, Grave 1.18, C
Jacob D. Winkler, 06 Mar 1815 - 06 Sep 1890
Barbara Ann Alleman, 28 Dec 1820 - 23 Mar 1890
Catharine Ann Warner, 21 Jul 1851 - 24 Jan 1942
- Thomas Ellsworth Winkler, 19 Apr 1871 – 09 Dec 1944
- Effie Elmina Winkler, 02 Aug 1873 – 02 Jan 1955
- William Arthur Winkler, 16 Mar 1879 – 08 Sep 1933
- Charles Ralph Winkler, 18 Jul 1889 – 21 Jul 1922
A John Wesley served on the 120th OVI along with his cousins Joseph H Winkler and George Madison Winkler, both of whom were sons of Uncle George Winkler. Both cousins survived the war.
B I cannot say for certain, but I believe that John Wesley spent a short amount of time living with his father and family at Jacob's home on Winkler Road in Overton before he acquired his own property down the road with wife Catharine. Even though we have no records to make this distinction, it makes sense that John would have moved into the area with his father and met Catharine Warner, who lived nearby, prior to marrying and moving almost next door to his parents.
C John was born in the Mechanicsburg area of Wayne Township. After marriage moved to Chester Township on Overton Rd near Overton Church and after his father-in-law Thomas Warner passed away, he sold his property and moved into Thomas' home just south of them, still in Chester. When John's father died 11 years later, brother Martin got the house and property on Winkler Road and William got the land east of Overton Church.
D Inflation estimations are tricky, but this amounts to roughly $300 a month today.
Will I ever find John's Civil War Pension records? I've been going around in a circle with the government for over a year while they have trouble locating the documents. First to DC, then to the VA at St. Louis, then back to DC and again to the VA. (Finally received the documents as of Mar 2018, they were in the soldier's file folder the whole time, no one bothered to look. Apparently, I needed to ask for access to the whole folder instead of just requesting his pension application, because working with the government can be hard. If you ever have to deal with the Veteran's Administration to get records access, it helps to remind them you are looking for records of a long deceased person from the BILS system. The support staff deal so frequently with active service members, recent veterans and their families that they will go into auto-pilot and not hear your request for a CIVIL WAR veteran whose records are not at the National Archives. Multiple time I'd request access to records for "my 3x great grandfather" who "died over 100 years ago", whose grandchildren I never even met and would get an "I'm so sorry for your loss". Again. Auto-pilot. Be clear and repeat yourself if you feel there's any chance you were not heard correctly. It cost me over a year of research.)
Can property transactions at the Wooster Library narrow down a time for the Winkler family's relocation to Chester Township? ...and confirm it's before John's marriage?