UPDATED 04/29/2020: See Ancestry DNA updates below this story.
Winkler Bible Vital RecordsFrances Paine was born to George & Elizabeth "Lizzie" Paine of Spotsylvania County, Virginia on 18 Nov 1775 (exact location unknown).
Fanny had two brothers that we know of: John, born in 1772 and William, born in 1774. The family supposedly left Virginia in December of 1783 and moved south to Burke County, North Carolina where father, George, can be found on the 1790 census.
Lawrence Winkler married Frances "Fanney" Paine in 1795. A long-held belief is that Fanney was from New Jersey and this is also where the marriage is said to have taken place. Not only is there a lack of proof to support this, but evidence leads us to believe that they married in Burke County, North Carolina instead. Backing this up is Fanney's known relocation from Spotsylvania County, VA... there is no mention of New Jersey in the Paine family.
Lawrence and Fanney started their family in Burke, North Carolina where Fanney gave birth to their first child, daughter Rebecca, in 1797, followed by sons John, George, and James.1
In 1806, being opposed to slavery, Lawrence decided to leave Burke, North Carolina and seek a home in one of the free states, with the intention of settling in Stubenville, OH with relatives (3 years after Ohio receives statehood).
However, the family had to halt relocation in the middle of what is now Monongalia County, West Virginia, because of sickness (it was still a part of Virginia at the time).
1850 Census for FannyOver the next seven and a half years the family lived in Monongalia County2, 3 where Lawrence and Fanney would welcome 3 more girls to the family. It wouldn’t be until Feb 1814 when Lawrence finally would decide to continue his journey northward to Stubenville.
Lawrence set out with his eldest son John. They took one horse on which to carry provisions and occasionally ride. They also drove one cow and calf. They crossed the Ohio River at Steubenville, where some of his relatives lived, and where he had expected to locate. Not being pleased with the country there, he obtained considerable information about the country farther north, and decided to travel on to Northern Ohio.
Lawrence’s Brother-in-law Jacob Brakefield [Brackbiel] had preceded him and settled in what is now Wayne County. The country was almost an unbroken wilderness covered in lush forest. After they left Canton, Ohio, it was with great difficulty he found his way and arrived at the cabin of Jacob Brakefield safe, but weary and sore.
After listening to Jacob’s glowing account of the opportunities available in this unbroken wilderness, the three men set out and together they scouted land overgrown with heavy timber in a location known as East Union, where there were maybe only 2 cabins at the time. Lawrence liked what he saw and traveled to the local government land office in Canton, OH and purchased property on section 22 in what became known as Green Township, 3 miles west of Orrville.3
Lawrence Winkler Will (1848)On returning, Lawrence and son John immediately started to set up camp and shelter from weather and wild animals. They proceeded to erect pens for their horse, cow and calf. They cleared a small area of land and planted potatoes. Then, they staked off four acres and began chopping trees, clearing brush and preparing logs to build a cabin.
Word is that Indians were many in the area but were peaceful and friendly and often stopped by their camp.
It took Lawrence and his son 3 months to clear the area and prepare all the logs needed for a house. When finished, they packed up and headed back to Virginia. On 01 Oct 1814, Lawrence left Monongalia County, Virginia (now WV) with the entire family to return East Union (later Green Township).
NOTE: It should be mentioned that at this time America was in the middle of the War of 1812 with Britain and the Indians. The Treaty of Ghent was signed Christmas Eve 1814 and ratified in Washington 17 Feb 1815. Months prior, in August of 1814, Washington DC was practically burned to the ground.
The road was rough and they are said to have experienced many delays, most of them requiring Lawrence and Jacob to cut a path wide enough for their wagon to travel.
History of Wayne County (1878)Three days after their arrival, Lawrence sent John out to gather all the men he could find around their rural wilderness homestead to assist in raising the cabin with the logs they had previously prepared. Several families had moved into the area that summer and John returned with seven men who were more than happy to respond to the call. By nightfall the Winklers had an 18x20 ft. cabin and a roof. Lawrence cut a door, built a fire and the family had a place they could call home.
Five years later, Lawrence went back to the Government land offices in Canton and purchased the rest of Section 22’s southern half on 23 Apr 1819 in what had now become Green Township in Wayne County, Ohio. Lawrence would own a total of 167 acres between the two southern quadrants of section 22.4
Lawrence Winkler died on 04 Mar 1848 in Wayne Township, Wayne, Ohio at the age of 77 years.5 He was buried on 08 Mar 1848 in Wayne Township at the Wayne Presbyterian Church Cemetery. I believe the 8th was date of burial because this is also the date his will was probated.6
After Lawrence’s death, Fanney continued to live in the family house with daughter Mary. Sons Jacob and Enoch also lived with their wives in their own houses on the farm.7
Sourced from: The Winkler History, by W.S. Myers, 1900 in Dallas, TX; Published 1909
Note: Many early facts that W.S. Myers noted about The Winklers seem to be questionable at best. He mentioned that Fanney was from NJ and they were married there. No proof has been found of this. Lawrence & Fanney were both living in Burke, NC at the time based on 1790 and 1800 census records1 and all evidence says Fanny was from Virginia. However, the majority of the information he relays about the couple after their marriage matches up with recovered documents.
As often as old family stories go, it is more likely the stories got crossed over time and became attributed to Lawrence and Fanney instead of their ancestors. My personal belief is that the New Jersey marriage is probably for Lawrence's parents (it has been fairly well documented that Lydia Colver married a Winkler in New Jersey) and either his father or grandfather was born along the Rhine river in Prussia.
UPDATE: Ancestry DNA has provided some confirmation on Paine relatives via their ThruLines™ program. This program combines DNA results with family tree data to suggest ancestors you might not otherwise have direct evidence of (note: this is dependent on the accuracy of other peoples' family trees and works best with multiple DNA matches from different lines providing similar results).
ThruLines™ has made the connection to father George Paine through Fanny's brother John Paine. John has 4 descendants who have made the connection to John's father George, and all four branches are DNA matches. There are 2 links through son Isaac, one through daughter Mary, and another through son Hosea.
While this in itself is not proof, it's about as close as you can get with the minimal number of resources in the area from the early 1800s. It's further evidence that we have the right family and only another document uncovered or more descendants of the Paine family can provide further proof to this connection.
George Paine, abt 1742 - Oct 1819
Mrs. Elizabeth "Lizzie" Paine, abt 1745 - abt 1842
Lawrence Winkler, 15 Jan 1771 - 04 Mar 1848
- Rebecca Winkler, 11 Mar 1797 – 1887
- Johan Jacob "John" Winkler, 22 Apr 1799 – 22 May 1886
- George Winkler, 06 May 1801 – 28 Jul 1877
- James Winkler Sr., 08 Feb 1804 – 17 Dec 1846
- Lydia Winkler, 08 Sep 1806 – 30 Nov 1857
- Mary Winkler, 11 Dec 1809 – 14 Dec 1826
- Edia Ann "Eady" Winkler, 19 Apr 1812 – 13 Mar 1893
- Jacob D. Winkler, 06 Mar 1815 – 06 Sep 1890
- Enoch Winkler, 08 Jun 1819 – 05 Aug 1867
A Daughter Edia lists her mother Frances as being born in North Carolina, but this is most likely because the Paine family probably moved from Virginia while Frances was at a very young age and spent most of her childhood in North Carolina. The family left Spotsylvania Co., VA by 9 Dec 1783, when estate was signed away. It always possible this was a formality and the family had left much sooner, with George only returning to handle obligation of a will (this has happened with a separate ancestor, Christian Alleman)
B By 1790 Lawrence's father Hans "Jacob Winkler" and Frances' father George "Pane" are living just a few farms down the census record from each other on the same page of the 1790 U.S. Federal Census (column 3 Jacob is about 20 lines below George... about 7 lines below Jacob is "Barnett Pain", Frances' Uncle). This is all in "8th Company", all of the other Winkler relatives live in what appears to be the next township over, listed as "7th Company", comprising of Big & Little Conrad, Thomas, David, and Adam.
C It is impossible to track down who married who and how they were related in the Burke County, North Carolina Winkler family. During the Civil War, supposedly the Union Army pulled all the records out of the Burke County Courthouse and burned them and the Courthouse. There are far too many Winklers in Burke County to determine any relations. It's highly likely all the Burke Co. Winklers are cousins, but that will have to be left to DNA. (In 1790 there are 6 Winkler families totalling 28 people and that's just on pg 6 of 11)